This long-delayed vote only includes the country’s entire 328 MPs and takes place in a strongly secured location, so the outcome should be known by the end of Sunday.
Somalia’s security problems and a lack of democratic personal responsibility are highlighted by the exceptional circumstances.
Mogadishu, the capital, has been placed under absolute lockdown until Monday.
The second round of voting is now going place, with four of the 36 contenders making it through.
Said Abdullahi Deni, president of Puntland, an independent state in the north, received 65 percent of the vote.
Mohamed Abdullahi “Farmajo” is the president with 59 votes.
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud received a total of 52 votes, making him the most popular candidate.
Hassan Ali Kheyre, a former prime minister, received 47 votes.
Mortar shells are claimed to have fallen near the airport during the counting of the first round of ballots. There is no word yet on how many people were killed or injured.
As many as 3.5 million people in Somalia are at danger of severe starvation because of the continuing drought, and according to the UN.
However, he confronts a monumental challenge: wresting control of most of Somalia from al-Shabab, since the four contenders left are all males.
The al-Qaeda-linked Islamist terrorist organization continues to control significant swaths of Somalia and often targets Mogadishu and other cities.
The African Union and the United Nations are providing support to the federal government in its war against al-Shabab.
Since 1969, Somalia who has not had a democratic one-person, one-vote election.
A coup, dictatorship, and battle involving clan local militias and Islamist radicals ensued as a result of this referendum.
One of the fundamental reasons why Somalia hasn’t had direct elections is because of the country’s insecurity.
Third time in Somalia’s history that the direct election for new president has been possible. Previously, they were held in Kenya and Djibouti, which are neighboring countries.
so how does the voting process work?
When Mr Farmajo’s four-year tenure expired last year, this vote was intended to take place. However, the election was postponed due to political disagreements and instability, and the president stayed in power.
There are strong clans in this nation that have nominated their own MPs to decide on the future president.
At Halane Camp’s heavily secured airfield hangar, they’ve assembled in a huge group. There are a number of diplomatic and humanitarian organizations stationed here, in addition to the AU mission’s major military post (Atmis).
Due to rigorous security checks, the vote was postponed for hours.
The top four potential candidates in the first round were put to a vote in both chambers of parliament.
An additional vote will be held if there are no clear winners.
One of the 329 parliamentarians was absent from the vote either because his seat is up for grabs.
Vote-buying scandals have dogged previous elections, with politicians allegedly proposing bribes in return for supporters’ support.
Former Foreign Minister Fawzia Yusuf Adam, the only female contender, was knocked out in the first round of voting.